Most people consider the world of interior design conceived by the rich and famous for the rich and famous of the world without a shred of usefulness to those who can’t afford the extra flair and just want a functional and beautiful home. Things are not like that. The work of interior designers is all about aesthetics but because there’s some science and method behind it.
If you plan a home remodeling, it’s also time to consider the 7 main elements of interior design. These are the basic principles of interior design that will help you get the results of the home renovation you plan to the utmost. Wondering why and how? You see, these principles put function before anything else. These unwritten rules focus on making spaces functional, convenient, well-illuminated, and furnished as needed so that the space will bring balance, harmony, and happiness to the home and by extension, to the owner.
Space is the home. It’s the home’s size, the rooms, the dimensions. It’s the space occupied by furniture – that’s called positive space, and the space in between objects and furniture – that’s called negative space and it’s often the traffic paths. When home remodelers take over a project, they check the space – before anything else.
The physical boundaries of a home and all rooms are very important. They define the space available in all dimensions and thus, what one can do in this specific space to create a functional room without overcrowding it. Relevant decisions taken during a home renovation depend on the home style. For example, minimalistic homes have more negative than positive space.
The form defines the physical space and all things about it, the shape, the dimensions, and the scale and the proportion. This is fundamental for interior design. The three dimensions of the space must be in harmony with the room’s objects in regard to proportion and scale. This means that the size of the objects inside the room – the furniture, for starters, must be proportional in terms of the room’s size. For example, a tiny sofa in a huge room with a high ceiling will be disproportional. When the scale of the objects is in harmonious proportion in a specific room, there’s balance.
Light can be seen in the spectrum of natural and artificial. And then again, you need to consider task and ambient lighting. Light is important because it changes as the daylight changes and affects all aspects of the room. The paint colors, the activities, your mood.
Texture is something you discuss with a home remodeling contractor before any project. That’s because it involves all things that will define how the room feels. Texture can be seen from two angles – the eye only and then touch. Visual texture is perceived by the eye when it sees the patterns around the room – how the objects are set up, their dimensions, their finish, their pattern. Actual texture has to do with how these objects feel – soft, hard, et cetera.
Pattern often goes hand in hand with texture – and color. It has to do with the objects in the room – the wallpaper motif, the tile design, the rug design, and whether the upholstery is monochromatic or has a geometric pattern. Pattern is derived from the homeowner’s taste but is also shaped by the room’s dimensions and space. A small room, for example, with more positive space – hence, more objects than empty space, will be busy with heavy geometric patterns.
The colors used in a room – and in the home overall, define the space and everything about it – the mood, the style, the ambiance. Even if you are just considering living room or kitchen remodeling and not the entire home renovated, colors are used to transform the space into the place you want. As said already, colors are also related to patterns and texture. Mostly, they are seen in the spectrum of light since the way both artificial and natural light falls in the room affects the colors. Also, colors are used by home remodel contractors and interior designers to create illusions within a space – make a small room look bigger, for example.
Consider virtual lines – not actual lines. Line defines the layout of furniture and objects inside the room. All objects in a room create horizontal and vertical lines, which guide the eye, can help rooms look wider, higher, or bigger, create continuity, and bring balance and harmony. Such lines may also be dynamic, meaning that the line may be curved, diagonal, or zigzag. With lining, there’s symmetry – hence, harmony and balance. Exactly what you need at home.